Edin Dzeko and Grafite: the last of the Bundesliga’s great strike partnerships

Now that league titles have become a mandatory requirement at Bayern Munich, Robert Lewandowski has turned his attention to breaking records. He recently became the first player to score more than 20 goals in the first half of a Bundesliga season and he is now third on the league’s all-time list of scorers, only a handful of goals away from Klaus Fischer in second place. Whether Lewandowski sticks around long enough to surpass Gerd Müller as the most prolific striker in Bundesliga history remains to be seen, but he has his sights set on breaking Müller’s record of 40 league goals in a season, set back in 1971-72. Lewandowski came close last season, with 34 goals, and he has already scored 24 this time around.

Not only is Müller the league’s most prolific goalscorer but, for a long time, he was also one half of its highest-scoring strike partnership. That record was broken 12 years ago – not by Lewandowski, or even a Bayern Munich player, but by a Bosnian and a Brazilian: Edin Džeko and Edinaldo Batista Libânio, better known as Grafite, who enjoyed a magical season together at Wolfsburg.

Gerd Müller with his Bayern Munich strike partner Uli Hoeness and captain Franz Beckenbauer in 1973.
Gerd Müller with his Bayern Munich strike partner Uli Hoeness and captain Franz Beckenbauer. Photograph: Imago Sportfotodienst/PA Images

Felix Magath signed the strikers at the start of the 2007-08 season for a combined cost of €10m, with Džeko arriving from FK Teplice in the Czech league and Grafite following soon after from Le Mans in Ligue 1. Magath was not only the new Wolfsburg manager, but he also took on the roles of CEO and director of football, giving him carte blanche in the transfer market. He took full advantage and made a host of signings. The changes paid off and Wolfsburg reached the semi-finals of the DFB Pokal and finished fifth in the league, an impressive 10 places higher than the previous season. The strike duo scored 19 goals in their maiden campaign at Wolfsburg. An impressive return, but hardly a sign of what was to come.

Magath once again pulled out his chequebook in the summer of 2008, signing Dzeko’s international teammate Zvjezdan Misimovic from newly relegated FC Nürnberg for just €4m. The aim was to take a run at reigning champions Bayern Munich, whose forward line included Miroslav Klose, Lukas Podolski, Franck Ribéry and Luca Toni. Bayern had undergone significant changes themselves, with Ottmar Hitzfield leaving to coach Switzerland at Euro 2008 and club captain Oliver Kahn hanging up his gloves. Their respective replacements, Jürgen Klinsmann and Michael Rensing, lacked the experience of their predecessors and would struggle.

Zvjezdan Misimovic was signed by Wolfsburg to assist the strike partnership of Dzeko and Grafite.
Zvjezdan Misimovic was signed by Wolfsburg to assist the strike partnership of Dzeko and Grafite. Photograph: Stuart Franklin/Bongarts/Getty

Wolfsburg did not exactly hit the ground running. They won just three of their first eight matches before suffering a 4-2 defeat at the Allianz Arena against Bayern. Džeko and Grafite scored just six goals between them in those nine matches, two of which came in Munich. Their form remained inconsistent as autumn gave way to winter, but at least Grafite found his touch, ending the first half the season with 11 league goals. Džeko, on the other hand, had started slowly.

At the halfway point of the season, Wolfsburg were the picture of mid-table mediocrity in ninth and all the talk was about Ralf Rangnick’s high-flying Hoffenheim, who had excelled in their first Bundesliga campaign, outscoring the rest of the league thanks to goals from Demba Ba and Dzeko’s Bosnia strike partner, Vedad Ibisevic. However, the winter break curtailed their momentum and, to make matters worse, a serious knee injury to Ibisevic in a friendly ruled him out for the rest of the season.

Bayern Munich were second in the table at the midway point but not all was well at the club. Klinsmann was trying to implement conceptual changes on and off the pitch, and not everything was going smoothly. His team won just one of their first five league games after Christmas. Wolfsburg were on an altogether different trajectory. After a draw at FC Köln, with Grafite on the scoresheet again, they won 10 league games on the bounce. Dzeko was firing in the goals. By the time Bayern Munich came to Wolfsburg at the beginning of April, Grafite and Dzeko had 31 league goals between them. At least one of them had made it on to the scoresheet in every league game since the turn of the year.

Edin Dzeko scores past Bayern keeper Michael Rensing in April 2009.
Edin Dzeko scores past Bayern keeper Michael Rensing in April 2009. Photograph: Jochen Luebke/Dpa Picture Alliance Archive/Alamy

The match between Wolfsburg and Bayern in April was not exactly a title shootout but it was set up nicely. The teams were level on points with identical goal difference. As with many much-hyped matches, it took a while to get going and the sides went in at half-time 1-1. What happened in the second half not only set up Wolfsburg for the title and Klinsmann for the sack, but it also lit the fuse on an explosive finish to the season for Wolfburg’s front two. Dzeko hit a three-minute brace to put Wolfsburg 3-1 up with 20 minutes to play. And then Grafite took the stage.

His first goal put the victory beyond doubt. His second brought the house down. Grafite took a pass on the left, about 40 yards from Bayern’s goal and ran at the right-back Andreas Ottl, twisting him one way and then the other, before jinking between him and Christian Lell and heading for Rensing’s six-yard line. As Rensing rushed out to Grafite, the Bayern centre-back Breno raced to cover the goal behind his keeper. Grafite shifted the ball away from Rensing’s grasp, leaving the keeper stranded. Philipp Lahm and Breno rushed to close him down but, before they could get near him, he did what neither of them were expecting.

He turned away from the goal, put his head down and backheeled the ball delicately, putting just enough pace on his shot for it to evade the three defenders between him and the goal. The ball rolled in so slowly that Rensing was already back on his feet, staring wide-eyed back towards his own goal as Lell threw himself after the ball. As the back four looked at each other and the ground in disbelief, Grafite raced off towards the home fans and into Wolfsburg folklore.

Grafite backheels the final goal of Wolfburg’s 5-1 trouncing of Bayern in April 2009.
Grafite backheels the final goal of Wolfburg’s 5-1 trouncing of Bayern in April 2009. Photograph: Jens Wolf/Alamy

If anyone had doubted Wolfsburg’s title credentials, this game and that goal made it seem almost inevitable. Wolfsburg ended the weekend top of the table and didn’t budge. Grafite and Džeko were not done either. They went on to score 16 goals in the last five games of the season, Džeko hitting two hat-tricks and a brace.

This all made for a breathtaking second half of the season. Magath’s team won 14 of their 17 league games, scoring 45 goals. Grafite and Džeko provided 37 of them. By the time Wolfsburg had smashed Werder Bremen 5-1 at home to win their first, and so far only league title, the prolific double act had cemented themselves as the league’s highest-scoring strike partnership ever, going one better than the 53 goals scored by Müller and Uli Hoeness for Bayern Munich in 1973. Not only that, but Grafite finished the league’s top scorer with 28 goals, just two ahead of Džeko, who had scored 21 since Christmas. If that was the icing on the cake, then the cherry on top was Grafite’s wonder goal against Bayern being voted the best of the season.

Edin Dzeko and Grafite show off the Bundesliga trophy in May 2009.
Dzeko and Grafite show off the Bundesliga trophy in May 2009. Photograph: Stuart Franklin/Bongarts/Getty

Even amid the celebrations it was hard to imagine the stars aligning in such a way again. Magath left for Schalke at the end of the season and, despite a largely unchanged squad, the team reverted back to hovering around mid-table before battling against relegation a season later.

As for the front two, they had reached a fork in the road. Dzeko kicked on, succeeding Grafite as the league’s top scorer in 2009-10, and soon established himself as one of the most sought-after strikers in Europe. Grafite, on the other hand, had enjoyed his landmark season and his influence began to wane. Two years after romping to the title, Wolfsburg clung on to their Bundesliga status with a last-day victory, finishing just one place above the relegation play-off.

Dzeko had outgrown the struggling team and moved to Manchester City for £27m in January 2011, becoming the most expensive transfer out of the Bundesliga. Grafite followed him out of the club at the end of the season, joining Al-Ahli on a two-year contract. He racked up the goals in the Middle East before returning to Brazil to finish his career, retiring in 2018. Dzeko and Grafite were heading in different directions when they met at Wolfsburg. Still, for a brief period, the combination of Grafite’s nous, skill and eye for goal, alongside Dzeko’s power and raw ability made them unstoppable.

As remarkable as Lewandowski has been in the Bundesliga over the last decade, his one-man pursuit of goalscoring records also highlights the relative dearth of strike partnerships, largely down to tactical and formation shifts. While Thomas Müller, Serge Gnabry, Leroy Sané and Kingsley Coman chip in with goals, none of them really operates as Lewandowski’s strike partner. Müller comes closest, with 11 goals this season. He and Lewandowski may surpass Grafite and Džeko’s total of 54 goals, but the fact that the Wolfsburg duo were a real partnership somehow makes it more special. Lewandowski could yet leave the Bundesliga as its greatest ever goalscorer, but what Dzeko and Grafite achieved with Wolfsburg may never be surpassed.

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